Audiologists assess and manage children and adults with hearing loss, ringing in the ears (tinnitus) or balance problems using audiometers, computers, and other testing devices. They measure the loudness at which a person begins to hear sounds, the ability to distinguish between sounds, and the impact of hearing loss on an individual. Audiologists analyze these data along with educational, psychological, and other medical data to make a diagnosis and find a suitable course of treatment.
Audiologists fit and dispense hearing aids, fit cochlear implants, or examine the ear canal as part of a comprehensive rehabilitative programme. As a primary hearing health provider, the audiologist also works closely with the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) specialists and doctors when the patient requires medical or surgical evaluation, or treatment for their hearing problems.
The allied health practitioner may not be able to conduct the full range of services/activities listed above, as his/her scope of practice depends on the level of training, experience and competence attained. The onus is on the employer and the practitioner to ensure that all services/activities are conducted within the scope of competence of the respective practitioner.