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Updated as of 18 Jun 2021

Children Related Vaccination Matters

 [New]My child/ward turns 12 this year. Can I get him/her vaccinated?
 A:Children who turn 12 in 2021 must have crossed their birthday before they are eligible to book a vaccination appointment.
[New] I want to get my child/ward vaccinated. What do I need to do?
A:Parents/guardians can register interest for their child/ward to receive the vaccination on vaccine.gov.sg. To facilitate the booking process, parents/guardians should use their contact details to register for their child/ward. A SMS with a personalised booking link will then be sent to this contact number to book a vaccination appointment.
 
Under the national vaccination programme, children/wards below the age of 18 will require the consent of their parents/guardians to book an appointment.

 
Parents/guardians of their child/ward aged 13 and above are not required to accompany their child/ward to the vaccination site on the day of vaccination. Children/wards aged 12 will need to be accompanied by a parent or guardian.
 [New]Must I bring a hardcopy consent form to be shown at the Vaccination Site?
A:Parents/guardians are reminded to ensure that their child/ward brings along documentary proof of their consent to the vaccination site for verification.  The letter of consent required can be found here. A completed electronic copy of the consent form will be accepted as well.

Why should my child get the COVID-19 vaccine? 
 A:

COVID-19 vaccination can help protect your child from getting COVID-19. Although fewer children have been sick with COVID-19 compared to adults, they can rarely become seriously ill from COVID-19 complications or develop long-term health problems, especially children with underlying medical conditions. 

Children can also spread the virus to others. Getting your child vaccinated helps to protect your child from infection, therefore he/ she becomes less likely to infect others including family members, especially more vulnerable persons like older relatives or persons with weakened immune systems. 

Having the vaccine may also give parents and children peace of mind to return to more typical activities like in-person schooling and participating in extracurricular activities.


How effective is the vaccine for children? Is it safe for children?

A:

HSA has asessed that the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is safe and efficacious for use in adolescents aged 12 years to 15 years.

 

Based on the clinical trials for adolescents aged 12 to 15 years old, the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine demonstrated a high vaccine efficacy consistent with that observed in the adult population. Its safety profile is also consistent with the known safety profile in the adult population and the standards set for other registered vaccines used in the immunisation against other diseases.

 

Trials are still ongoing for children below the age of 12.



Are there any children who shouldn’t get the vaccine? Should I talk to my doctor/ pediatrician before scheduling the appointment?
 A:There is no category of children or teenagers who absolutely shouldn’t get the vaccine, unless they have a known allergy to other vaccines or one of the vaccine’s components. People with weakened immune systems, either from illness or medication, may still receive the vaccine because it isn’t a live vaccine i.e. a vaccine that uses a weakened form of a germ to prompt an immune response. 

 

There have been reports of allergic reactions to the vaccine, but these occurrences are very rare. Vaccine recipients are monitored for 30 minutes after receiving the injection in case of any allergic reaction. Children and teens with other types of allergies beyond any vaccine component can feel safe receiving the vaccine.

Children or teens who recently received other vaccinations should wait two weeks before seeking the COVID-19 vaccine. 

If you child has any medical condition that is not stable or is getting worse, he/she should postpone the vaccination until his/her medical condition is better controlled. If your child has cancer and is on active chemotherapy, you should consult your child’s cancer specialist to discuss if or when your child can be vaccinated. 

Parents are always encouraged to speak with their teen’s or child’s doctorpediatrician if they have any questions or concerns.

Will the COVID-19 vaccine affect my child’s fertility?
 A:There is no evidence that the mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines can cause infertility in vaccine recipients. The vaccine does not enter into or change the DNA of the body’s cells in any way. 


There had been reports of young individuals who developed myocarditis or pericarditis after the vaccination. Does the COVID-19 vaccine cause myocarditis or pericarditis?
A: Myocarditis is a heart muscle inflammation; pericarditis is an inflammation of the fibrous sac surrounding the heart. Rates of myocarditis or pericarditis were not higher among the vaccinated children compared to the unvaccinated children in Israel and USA. 

 

Most patients with myocarditis or pericarditis responded well to medicine and rest and quickly recovered. 

 

MOH will continue to monitor if there are any emerging safety signals. 

What are the common side effects that my child may experience after COVID-19 vaccination? Are there different side effects that may be experienced in children?
A:

The side effects observed in children are similar with the adult population, and your child may experience more side effects after the second shot. These side effects are normal signs that your child is building protection.

 

Side effects may affect their daily activities but are usually mild to moderate which should resolve in a few days.

 

The table below lists some common side effects that have been reported with this vaccine, and how to manage them.

 

Side Effects

How to Manage

Pain, redness, swelling at the injection site

Those with fever are advised to self-isolate at home until the fever subsides.

Fever medications dosed according to the child’s weight as needed

Fever, chills

Headache, muscle pain, joint pain

Tiredness

Rest

Lymph node swelling at neck or arms

Usually gets better by itself in a week or so

 

Side effects may affect their daily activities but are usually mild to moderate which should resolve in a few days.

 

Some children may have no side effects, and that is nothing to worry about either.

 Can my child take fever/ pain medicine BEFORE taking the COVID-19 vaccine?
 A:There is no role in pre-medicating children before the vaccination or right after if there are no side effects present. 

 

It is not recommended that your child takes over-the-counter medicine e.g. paracetamol, ibuprofen before vaccination for the purpose of trying to prevent vaccine-related side effects. 

It is also not recommended to take antihistamines before getting a COVID-19 vaccine to try to prevent allergic reactions.

What symptoms should I be on the lookout for after COVID-19 vaccination? When should I bring my child to see a doctor? 
A: Bring your child to see a doctor if:
  • The side effects persist or get worse
  • The fever persists for more than 48 hours (2 days)
  • Respiratory symptoms such as cough, runny nose, sore throat, shortness of breath or loss of sense of taste and smell develops. 

In very rare cases, this vaccine can cause a severe allergic reaction. Signs of a severe allergic reaction include difficulty breathing, swelling of your face, throat, eyes or lips, a fast heartbeat, dizziness and weakness, a bad rash all over your body.  If your child experience a severe allergic reaction, seek medical attention immediately. Call 995 or go to the nearest A&E immediately.

 

Moderna is unsuitable for those below 18 years old. How will I know if I or my child is receiving the appropriate vaccine?

A:

Our National Appointment System verifies an individual’s age and will only show vaccination locations carrying the appropriate vaccine. This prevents those aged below 18 years old from selecting vaccination locations that carry the Moderna vaccine at this time. Children 12-17 years old will only be administered the Pfizer vaccine.

 


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