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23 Jan 2020

6th Jan 2020

Name and Constituency of Member of Parliament

Mr Louis Ng Kok Kwang

MP for Nee Soon GRC

 

Question No. 1522

To ask the Minister for Health (a) whether hospitals collect data on the number of children injured in motor accidents as a result of not being secured in child seats; (b) if so, what is the number and percentage of children involved in such accidents in each of the past 10 years with a breakdown according to the age groups of (i) below one year old (ii) between one and two years old and (iii) above two years old; and (c) if not, whether hospitals will start collecting such data.

 

Written Answer

 

1      Based on data[1] from the National Trauma Registry, between 2012 and 2018, the number of children aged 9 years and below[2] who were treated in public hospitals for traumatic injury due to a motor vehicular accident ranged between 106 and 225 cases per year. We are not able to ascertain from the Registry’s data whether children injured in motor vehicular accidents were a direct result of them not being secured in child car seats and/or seatbelts.


Table 1: Number of children aged 9 years and below treated in public hospitals for traumatic injuries due to motor vehicular accidents (2012-2018)*

 

Year

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Below 1 year old

27

26

21

31

20

14

24

1 to 2 years old

37

41

53

33

36

22

13

3 to 9 years old

117

149

151

139

94

70

85

Total

181

216

225

203

150

106

122

Source: National Trauma Registry

 

2      Among those treated in public hospitals, more than half were known to have used car seats and/or restraints, while the status of the remainder is unknown.

Table 2: Proportion of children aged 9 years and below treated in public hospitals for traumatic injuries due to motor vehicular accidents who were known to have used child car seats and/or seatbelts (2012-2018)*

 

Year

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Below 1 year old

37%

38%

52%

58%

45%

50%

58%

1 to 2 years old

49%

56%

58%

64%

58%

32%

54%

3 to 9 years old

56%

58%

60%

58%

56%

53%

55%

Source: National Trauma Registry

 

3      Motorists and their passengers should use appropriate restraints at all times while riding in motor vehicles.



[1] Data available from 2012 when the National Trauma Registry was set up. Data on the use of child seat/seatbelt were based on reports by patients or parents.

[2] The law mandates that a person below 1.35 metres in height should be properly secured by an approved child restraint appropriate to their height and weight, or a body restraining seat belt when seated on a booster seat cushion or when using a seat with an approved adjustable seat belt when travelling in a motor vehicle. Reference: Road Traffic Act (Chapter 276) Road Traffic (Motor Vehicles, Wearing of Seat Belts) Rules 2011 S 688/2011. Based on height-for-age charts for boys and girls aged 4 to 18 years old, the median height-for-age is 1.35m at an age of 9 years. Source: Health Booklet, Health Promotion Board.